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Global Job Screening Services Market (2021-2028) – By Service, Application, and Geography – ResearchAndMarkets.com

DUBLIN – (COMMERCIAL THREAD) – The report “Employment Screening Services Market by Service and Application: Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2021-2028” has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com offer.

According to this report, the global employment screening services market was valued at $ 4.06 billion in 2018 and is expected to reach $ 7.64 billion by 2026, with a CAGR of 8.3% in 2019 to 2026.

Job screening services include a wide range of background checks, such as employment eligibility checks, fingerprint screening, contractor screening, sex offender checks, vehicle checks to motor, drug and alcohol testing, resident monitoring and rental payment history. In addition, job screening helps various organizations screen potential employees by performing background checks and helps protect company assets and workers. Employers use this service to consolidate a set of employment, financial, criminal, educational and other records about an individual for employment purposes.

The global market for job selection services is expected to be driven by improving the quality of the workforce, better employment regulatory compliance and the merits associated with job selection in organizations. Additionally, the urgent background check requirement is expected to increase the demand for employment screening services during the forecast period. However, technological risks and discrimination issues associated with job selection are expected to hold back market growth. In addition, the untapped potential of emerging markets and increasing start-up organizations are expected to provide lucrative opportunities for market growth.

The job screening services market is segmented on the basis of service, application, and region. By department, it is separated into criminal background checks, education and employment check, credit history check, drug and health screening, etc. By application, it is segmented into Healthcare, IT / Technology / Media, Financial Services, Staffing, Retail, Industrial, Travel / Hospitality, Government / Education, Transportation, and Others. By region, it is analyzed in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and LAMEA.

Key players

  • ADP SARL

  • Captain PLC

  • CareerBuilder LLC.

  • Experiential

  • First advantage

  • HireRight LLC

  • Insperity

  • Paychex, Inc.

  • Paycor, Inc.

  • REED

  • Sterling

Key Benefits

  • The study provides an in-depth analysis of the global employment screening services market along with current and future trends to illustrate impending pockets of investment.

  • Information on key drivers, restraints, and opportunities and their analysis of impact on global employment screening services market size is provided in the report.

  • Porter’s Five Forces Analysis illustrates the power of buyers and suppliers operating in the industry.

  • The quantitative analysis of the global employment screening services market from 2021-2028 is provided to determine the market potential.

Main topics covered:

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 2: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

CHAPTER 3: MARKET LANDSCAPE

3.1. DEFINITION AND SCOPE OF THE MARKET

3.2. MAIN CONCLUSIONS

3.2.1. The best investment pockets

3.2.2. The best winning strategies

3.3. PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS

3.4. MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS / POSITIONING OF THE BEST PLAYERS 2020

3.5. MARKET DYNAMICS

3.5.1. Conductors

3.5.2. Constraints

3.5.3. Opportunities

3.6. COVID-19 IMPACT ANALYSIS ON THE JOB SCREENING SERVICES MARKET

CHAPTER 4: JOB SCREENING SERVICES MARKET BY SERVICE

CHAPTER 5: JOB SCREENING SERVICES MARKET BY APPLICATION

CHAPTER 6: JOB SCREENING SERVICES MARKET BY REGION

CHAPTER 7: COMPANY PROFILES

For more information on this report, visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/2qtlsf


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China unveils world’s first blockchain-based IVF service application

MyBaby is the first service of its kind to combine the merits of third-party data verification with the immutability of blockchain technology

In partnership with VeChain and DNV, Renji Hospital, a leading hospital in China Shanghai Jiaotong University Medical School affiliated announced the launch of a smart medical care project – MyBaby, the world’s first blockchain-based in vitro fertilization (IVF) service application.

The MyBaby launch ceremony was jointly hosted by the Reproductive Medicine Center of Renji Hospital and the Shanghai Quality Control Center for Assisted Human Reproduction Technology.

By combining DNV’s professional insurance services with VeChain’s advanced blockchain technology, MyBaby enables verification of key in vitro fertilization (IVF) stages and provides private, exclusive, end-to-end access to data for future parents being treated. By adopting advanced technology, Renji Hospital is committed to further improving the equity and quality of life for patients.

MyBaby is the first service of its kind to combine the merits of third-party data verification with the immutability of blockchain technology. All information, images and data tracks, from images produced by medical tools to delivery of the zygote itself, will be uploaded securely to the VeChainThor blockchain and accessible only to authorized users of the MyBaby app.

MyBaby allows users to view and track the extraction, labeling and scoring of fertilized eggs as well as the cultivation and storage of embryos. The app also solves traditional issues related to the privacy of sensitive medical data. The cryptographically secure properties of blockchain technology create a secure and reliable environment and improve the user experience in a way unprecedented in the field of IVF.


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Monaco launches mobility app as a service for buses, e-bikes and parking

The launch of Monapass is part of Monaco’s commitment to digital transformation

Monaco worked with urban mobility technology company Flowbird to deploy Monapass, a mobility application as a service (MaaS) for users, tourists and commuters.

The principality is fully committed to the digital transformation through its Extended Monaco program and has launched the Monapass application and the Flowbird Open Payments system in partnership with the Monaco City Hall and the Compagnie des Autobus de Monaco (Cam).

Mobile app

Monapass is an all-in-one mobile application with trip planning and integrated payment system for Monaco transport including: Cam bus; MonaBike electric bikes; and on-street parking.

Maps, subscriptions, and payment methods are integrated into a single app, which also provides a range of features, including real-time traffic information, bus schedules, bike availability and location.

The free mobile application allows users to plan and pay for their trips easily and securely through a single ticket, subscription, bus or bicycle subscription. For example, users can park their vehicle in town before using a bus and / or bicycle, all of which can be booked and paid for through the Monapass mobile app.

In addition to improving the ticketing and payment experience for users, Monapass promotes green and active mobility, in support of Monaco’s objective of reducing light vehicle traffic by 20% by 2030.

Flowbird’s digital solutions aim to enable cities to access easy, fast, safe and secure multimodal and sustainable urban mobility systems. Present in more than 80 countries, Flowbird has deployed and optimized its digital offer for Monaco in response to its requirements.

Monapass promotes green and active mobility, in support of Monaco’s objective of reducing light vehicle traffic by 20% by 2030

Flowbird is also deploying Open Payments on Cam’s bus network, combining ticketing and electronic payment to allow passengers to use their bank card as a ticket.

The system is compliant for payments with smart devices such as phones and watches. Pressing the validator with its contactless payment device when boarding allows passengers to travel and benefit from optimal pricing.

Residents and tourists visiting Monaco can all use this service, allowing them to get the best price for their journeys: open payments are suitable for everyone and the smart system offers a daily, weekly or monthly price cap, to guarantee the best value for money on all routes. .

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CGPSC 2020 -2021 State Service Application Form (Available) – Apply for Mians, Get Direct Link Here

CGPSC 2020 -2021 State Service Request Form – The application form for the 2020-2021 CGPSC State Service Main Exam is available at psc.cg.gov.in. Applicants can submit CGPSC State Service Request Form from April 09, 2021. The last date Chhattisgarh State Service Request Form is May 08, 2021. Aspirants must pay Rs. 400 / – as an application fee. Those who own graduation diploma in any discipline can apply for the CGPSC State Service 2020-2021 exam. Applicants can obtain all the details of the CGPSC 2020-2021 application form including the steps to complete the application form, required documents, and more.

Latest: The CGPSC 2020-2021 application form for the network is now available. Apply from the link below.

CGPSC 2020-2021 application form

Applicants should note that the Commission will only accept the application form online. In addition to this deadline, the application form must be submitted separately for the sector. For more information, see the schedule below.

CGPSC State Service Request Form 2020-2021
Start of application form Dec 14 2020
Deadline to complete the application form Jan 12, 2021
Correction in the application form January 14 – January 18, 2021
Start of the application form for the sector 09 Apr 2021
Deadline to complete the application form for the sector May 08, 2021
Correction of form Be announced

Apply online: Click here to complete the CGPSC 2020-2021 State Service Main Application Form.

CGPSC 2020-2021 application fees

Along with the submission of the application form, applicants must pay the application fee prescribed by the commission. The application form is marked incomplete if the applicant has not paid the application fee by the last date for it. Applicants must pay the application fee in online mode only. Check the application fees for reserved and non-reserved applicants below.

  • Rs. 400 (gen.)
  • 300 rupees (SC / ST / PWD / OBC)
  • To use the portal, the candidate has to pay the portal fee of Rs. 15 / -.

Means of payment: Applicants can pay the online application fee using any of the following means

  • Net Banking
  • Debit card
  • Credit card

Applicants should note that the application fee once paid will not be refunded under any circumstances, therefore check the eligibility criteria and move forward with paying the CGPSC application fee.

How to complete the CGPSC 2020-2021 State Service Request Form?

The CGPSC application form is available for a limited time. Applicants must complete the application form before the deadline. Filling out the application form can be a long process, so applicants should know the process before posting it. The space below provides the steps to apply for CGPSC 2020-2021 online.

1st step : Visit the official CGPSC website (psc.cg.gov.in). the direct link to the CGPSC State Service Exam Request Form is also available under the dates table.

2nd step: Find the relevant link to apply online for the state service exam or the “apply online” button.

3rd step: Applicants must enter basic information including personal information, academic information, communication information, etc.

4th step: After entering all the necessary details, applicants must upload the photo and signature in the prescribed formats.

5th step: Pay the administrative fees according to the category.

6th step: Click on the ‘submit‘ button.

7th step: Upon successful submission, a confirmation page will appear displaying the completed request form.

8th step: Download the confirmation page and print it.

To note: Applicants should note that the application form for the preliminary examination and the main examination are published separately. Thus, candidates who qualify for the preliminary examination must complete a separate application form for the main examination.

Correction of CGPSC State Service Examination Request Form

The Chhattisgarh Civil Service Commission assists the candidate in correcting the application form after the online registration is completed. Candidates have the opportunity to correct certain details during this facility. Although the commission provides the function of correcting the form, applicants should be careful when filling out the application form, as all the details of the application form may not be available for rectification. In addition, applicants who have made errors in the application form must rectify them within the allotted time. A fee required for correcting the application form is also available. The provisional fee for correcting the application form is specified below.

  • Each time applicants need to pay Rs. 15 / – to correct the application form.
  • In addition to this, each time to use the portal, the candidate has to pay the portal fee of Rs. 15 / -.

What happens after the CGPSC 2020-2021 State Service Examination Application Form is completed?

Once the application process is complete, the candidate who fills out the form will be issued the CGPSC 2020-2021 admission card for the exam. The Commission releases to the admission card on the official website. Identical to the selection stages, the admission card is also issued in three stages. It first releases the admission card for preliminary examination, then for the network. Finally, candidates who qualify for both exams can download the admission card for the interview / personality test.

About CGPSC SSE

The Chhattisgarh Civil Service Commission conducts the personnel service review for candidates eligible and interested in government service recruitment in the state of Chhattisgarh. Applicants must take the exam and qualify in the same way to secure a place on the selection list. The examination takes place in two stages, namely the preliminary examination and the main examination. After the exam, the selection of the qualified candidate is based on the interview / personality test conducted by the CGPSC only. Applicants who qualify for the interview will be eligible for recruitment under the CGPSC.


Archives

  • Modify the request form: Click here to edit the CGPSC 2020 State Service Request Form.
  • Application form : Click here to complete the CGPSC 2020 application form for the sector.
  • Click here to download the 2019 Chhattisgarh State Service Examination Notice.

CGPSC 2020 State Service Request Form

Notice of extension

Frequently Asked Questions About CGPSC 2020 Registration

CGPSC


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Last Mile Delivery Market Research Report: By Service, Application

Last Mile Delivery Market Research Report: By Service (B2C, B2B), Application (E-commerce, Package Delivery) – Global Industry Analysis and Growth Forecast to 2030 The Huge Investments Made By Various venture capitalists in last mile delivery services are fueling the expansion of the global last mile delivery market.

New York, March 15, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) – Reportlinker.com Announces the Publication of the “Last Mile Delivery Market Research Report: By Service, Application – Global Industry Analysis and Growth Forecast to ‘in 2030’ – https: // www .reportlinker.com / p06036114 /? utm_source = GNW
The market is seeing a sharp increase in the number of start-ups that are heavily funded by various venture capitalists to expand their businesses. For these reasons, the last mile delivery market is expected to show a CAGR of 20.3% between 2020 and 2030, according to the report.

According to the app, the last mile delivery market is categorized into package delivery, e-commerce, and others. Among these, the e-commerce category has experienced the strongest growth in the market in recent years. This was due to the presence of a large customer base and the change in purchasing behavior of people and their huge expectations regarding product deliveries. People increasingly expect free shipping and fast product deliveries and availability of products at affordable and competitive prices.

Geographically, the last mile delivery market is expected to experience the fastest growing Latin America, Middle East & Africa (LAMEA) region in the coming years. This will be due to rising gross domestic product (GDP) and increasing disposable income of people living in LAMEA developing countries such as Mexico and Brazil. Additionally, the growing number of last mile grocery and food delivery start-ups and the growing popularity of omnichannel retail are propelling the market advancement in this region.

Players operating in the global last mile delivery market are increasingly focusing on business mergers and strategic partnerships to stay competitive. For example, Microsoft Corporation and FedEx Corporation launched a collaboration in May 2020 to improve their operations. In addition, this collaboration aims to combine FedEx’s global logistics and digital network and Microsoft’s intelligent cloud solutions. This collaboration will allow companies to have better control and better understand the movement of products around the world.

The COVID-19 pandemic is severely hampering the progress of the last mile logistics industry. In addition, the imposition of blockages and downsizing have caused disruption in the last mile delivery market. However, the increasing penetration and digitization of the internet and the growing number of product delivery orders, due to the growing popularity of online shopping, especially during the pandemic, is fueling the expansion of the market.
Read the full report: https://www.reportlinker.com/p06036114/?utm_source=GNW

About Reportlinker
ReportLinker is an award winning market research solution. Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need – instantly, in one place.

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CONTACT: Clare: [email protected] US: (339)-368-6001 Intl: +1 339-368-6001


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Global Healthcare IT Integration Industry to 2026 – by Product, Service, Application, End User & Geography – ResearchAndMarkets.com

DUBLIN – (COMMERCIAL THREAD) – The report “Global Healthcare IT Integration Market Analysis 2020” has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com offer.

The global healthcare IT integration market is expected to reach $ 7.48 billion by 2026, with a CAGR of 13.5% between 2019 and 2026.

Healthcare IT integration can be defined as a type of category of medical device through which doctors and physicians can continuously monitor and care for infants. Healthcare IT Integration is a consortium of the IT and healthcare industry and involves the application of the latest IT solutions to monitor people’s health, perform secure exchange of their electronic data, and deliver cost-effective healthcare solutions.

The application of IT in other fields has shown positive results and the same is expected in terms of health care. These devices are even used to feed babies with medicines, fluids or even to draw blood, check blood pressure, treat a number of illnesses and constantly monitor the baby’s condition and health.

Factors such as cost-benefit of integrating HCIT versus increasing health spending, increasing adoption of EHRs and other HCIT solutions, support and enabling government initiatives, growing need integrating healthcare systems and the potential for reducing the rate of medical errors and improvements in the quality of care are driving the growth of the healthcare IT integration market. However, the high cost of HCIT integration restricts the market.

Among the products, the medical device integration software segment is expected to grow at the highest rate during the forecast period. Factors such as increased adoption of EHRs and other interoperability solutions in healthcare organizations, increasing regulatory requirements and healthcare reforms, transfer of point-of-care diagnostics from hospitals to facilities healthcare systems, and the need for integrated healthcare systems to improve the quality of care and the results are propelling the growth of the medical device integration software market.

Companies mentioned

  • Allscripts Healthcare Solutions, Inc.

  • Epic Systems Corporation

  • GE Healthcare

  • Koninklijke Philips

  • Summit Healthcare Services, Inc.

  • Interfaceware, Inc.

  • Orion Health Group Limited

  • Intersystems Company

  • Medical Information Technology, Inc.

  • Redox, Inc.

  • Oracle Corporation

  • Nextgen Healthcare, Inc.

  • Cerner Corporation

  • Capsule Technologies, Inc.

  • IBM

  • Siemens Healthineers

Key questions addressed in this report:

  • How this market has evolved since 2018

  • Market size estimates, forecasts and CAGR for all segments presented in the scope

  • Key market developments and financial data of the main players

  • Analysis of opportunities for new entrants

  • SWOT analysis of the main players

  • Fastest Growing Markets Analyzed During Forecast Period

Main topics covered:

1 Market synopsis

2 Research overview

2.1 Research overview

2.2 Research methodology

2.3 Research sources

2.3.1 Primary research sources

2.3.2 Secondary research sources

3 Market dynamics

3.1 Drivers

3.2 Constraints

4 Market environment

4.1 Bargaining power of suppliers

4.2 Bargaining power of buyers

4.3 Threat of substitutes

4.4 Threat of new entrants

4.5 Competitive Rivalry

5 Global Healthcare IT Integration Market, By Product

5.1 Presentation

5.2 Multimedia integration solutions

5.3 Medical device integration software

5.4 Interface / integration motors

5.5 Configuration of the integration of the medical device

6 Global Healthcare IT Integration Market, By Department

6.1 Presentation

6.2 Assistance and maintenance

6.3 Training and education

6.4 Consultation

6.5 Implementation and integration

6.6 Operational services

6.7 Installation services

7 Global Healthcare IT Integration Market, By Application

7.1 Presentation

7.2 Integration of health centers

7.3 Integration of medical devices

8 Global Healthcare IT Integration Market, By End User

8.1 Presentation

8.2 Clinics

8.3 Diagnostic Imaging Centers / Radiology Centers

8.4 Hospitals

8.5 Laboratories

9 Global Healthcare IT Integration Market, By Geography

9.1 Presentation

9.2 North America

9.3 Europe

9.4 Asia-Pacific

9.5 South America

9.6 Middle East and Africa

10 Strategic benchmarking

11 Supplier landscape

For more information on this report, visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/ypih8w


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PayDay Visual: Self-service app for employees

In the modern world of work, there is one thing businesses and employees want: accountability. Employees want more control over their time management, and employers want employees to be able to make the most of their working hours, which in some cases means not being bothered by administration. With technology evolving at a fairly rapid pace and the way businesses operate being heavily impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, many companies are looking for new ways to minimize the time their employees spend in the office, while maximizing the time they work. work that their team is capable of doing. Nowadays, freeing up time and empowering employees is made possible by using innovative self-service software. Such software is designed to allow employees to perform certain administrative tasks that were previously performed by HR with HR Software, within the company office. Self-service software gives employees the ability and permission to view their payslips, request time off, update their personal details, or submit complaints for things like travel. Everything is done online, reducing the need for paper and employees can access the self-service portal from anywhere.

Benefits of ESS software

When it comes to software, aside from having more self-service options that your employees can fully utilize, there are several ways that this will be of great benefit to you:

  • Self-service software for employees is easily integrated into businesses of all shapes and sizesbecause it is designed to be scalable. The same goes for industries because this software is also suitable for all types of industries.
  • The the software is quite affordable, considering how it will revolutionize the way you approach your daily activities and considering that you will be able to use the software to its full potential.
  • Everything is web based. This centralization of data means that anyone who needs it and has permission to access it can do so, from anywhere in the world, while the data will be stored securely online. It cannot be stolen or tampered with because the security is designed to be strict. In addition, with the web application, there is no need to use paper at all.
  • There is the convenience factor. Having the ability to access this service at any time of the day or night can take the stress out of thinking that everything needs to be done immediately.
  • The system can be accessible on a variety of devices, including smartphones. This is again a practical benefit as it gives the employee a variety of ways to access the information they need.
  • Data entry is precise. This is especially important if you are looking to use employee self-service systems to modify all basic employee information as entered by the individual.

PayDay Visual (ESS)

PayDay Software Systems is a company dedicated to helping run businesses run smoothly, and has developed a number of easy-to-use software systems to help simplify time and attendance and allow employees to take full control of the business. administration that they can do, with the right tools. PayDay Visual is PayDay’s own user-friendly employee self-service system that is useful for several reasons as well as fulfilling very specific HR roles. Here are some features that make it a must have for businesses:

  • Access to payslips to PDF payslips that can be printed, saved or emailed
  • It allows electronic updating of basic employee information by the employee himself, e.g. bank details, address, etc.
  • Consult the holiday balances directly
  • Submit online time off requests and overtime claims (after an automatic approval process before updating to the live system)
  • Leave and overtime matrices are available to managers
  • It provides direct access to view and print current and previous payslips as well as IRP5.
  • The payslips for the last 11 months are available.

What does this imply? In summary, PayDay Visual is a self-service online app for employees that allows employees to log in from anywhere to view their leave balances, submit time off requests online, view their progress. requests and update their personal information. Employees can update their addresses and bank details without having to engage directly with the HR department. It is a time saving solution for managers and employees. The system always stays up to date and the uploaded information is immediately visible and available to all parties involved.

IRP5 document

The IRP5 document is one of the most important documents for employees as they are required to submit it as part of their annual tax returns. He understands:

  • Employee’s personal data
  • Details of employee’s income i.e. salary, bonus etc.
  • Details of employee deductions i.e. pension, medical assistance, etc.
  • PAY paid to SARS by employer.

Printing on paper and issuing this document is a thing of the past. Payday visual is a whole new world of paperless technology that will help streamline HR processes and give employees the convenience of instant access to their processed IRP5s online and the ability to print them at their own pace. You might also be interested in Payroll courses

Advantage of having PayDay Visual

It is an affordable self-service application that scales to any size of business. The company logo can be added to payslips, allowing employees to get proof of income if they want, for example, to open store accounts or apply for other types of credit. It is exceptionally accessible and supports all types of browsers on devices, such as desktops, smartphones, tablets, and laptops. All administrative functions related to employee information can be fulfilled online, which helps to streamline the HR function. Access control and limitations can be set on the data that can be modified, downloaded or deleted to ensure its integrity. Automatic backups of data and information stored in the cloud ensure highly secure data. With PayDay’s exceptional and innovative software systems, you can simplify administrative processes and empower staff at the same time. Visit the PayDay website now: https://www.payday.co.za/


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NUMSA commits to fight against the application of essential services in petroleum

  • South Africa’s National Metalworkers Union said it was part of the Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration Commission arbitration to determine whether petroleum workers should be an essential service.
  • The NUMSA statement called the employers’ demand an attempt to bypass central bargaining processes.

South Africa’s National Metalworkers Union has pledged to fight a demand by employers in the oil industry to have workers declared as essential services, saying it would hamper their ability to strike.

According to the Labor Relations Act, an essential service is work the interruption of which would endanger the health and personal safety of some or all of the population in general. Essential services include officers from the South African Police Service and some Eskom staff.

The South African Petroleum Industry Association, the Fuel Retailers Association and Unitrans call on their employees to be an essential service.

NUMSA said it was part of the essential services committee of the Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration Board’s essential services committee to determine whether workers in the industry should be an essential service.

“The committee was asked to consider declaring the production, transportation and distribution of fuel as essential. If the committee were to declare this sector an essential service, it would mean that workers would not be able to exercise the right to strike, ”he added. said the NUMSA statement.

The NUMSA statement called the employers’ demand an attempt to bypass central bargaining processes. The statement urged employers to be open to renegotiating wages and terms in good faith, instead of preemptively undermining workers’ right to strike.

“As NUMSA, we oppose this demand on the grounds that if these employers succeed in persuading the committee, it will mean that thousands of workers will suddenly be unable to exercise their right to strike which is protected by our constitution,” said the press release.

According to Business Tech, gas stations across the country employed more than 70,000 pump attendants in 2019. Hearings by the CCMA’s essential services committee began Thursday, adjourned Friday and are expected to resume from the end of September.

None of the employer representatives mentioned above responded to requests for comment prior to this article’s submission.


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Grab launches shuttle service beta app in collaboration with GovTech Singapore – OpenGov Asia

A research team led by scientists from Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) has developed a new cell sensor with a barcode-like micro-channel structure that enables rapid and inexpensive screening for drug-resistant bacteria. .

The technology could potentially be used on a large scale in resource-limited situations such as frequent safety checks of water, food and public facilities, as well as urgent investigations of massive samples during a disease outbreak. infectious, especially in developing countries.

A research article on the new invention has been published in the international academic journal Biosensors and bioelectronics.

A fast and inexpensive testing approach

Photo: Cellular sensor with a barcode type micro-channel structure comprising two main parts; Source: HKBU, press release

Antibiotics are often used to treat bacterial infections, but the overuse and misuse of antibiotics has created the problem of drug resistance. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) is used to determine which antibiotics can effectively inhibit the growth of a certain type of bacteria.

However, conventional AST methods are too slow, as they require 16-24 hours to obtain results, while modern fast AST methods are expensive and require elaborate laboratory equipment. A rapid and cost-effective strategy is therefore needed to screen for bacterial samples on-site, with advanced laboratory tests organized only for those suspected of containing drug-resistant bacteria.

In response to this need, a research team led by Dr. Ren Kangning, Associate Professor in the Department of Chemistry at HKBU, designed a fully automatic, microscope-less AST system. It consists of two main parts: a cell culture zone and a “barcode” cell sensor. The cell culture area consists of a set of fluid-filled micro-channels that contain cell culture media as well as different concentrations of the antibiotic. The “bar code” cell sensor contains an array of “adaptive linear filters” arranged in parallel that resembles a “bar code” structure.

Users can complete the on-site screening within three hours by scanning the “barcode” with a mobile app developed by the researchers, and this will indicate if any drug-resistant pathogenic bacteria are present in the sample.

Amount of bacteria represented by the length of the bar

When performing AST with the system, bacterial samples will be injected and incubated in the cell culture area. The bacteria present in the test sample inside the microchannels show different proliferation rates depending on the different concentrations of the antibiotic.

Once the culture period is over, the bacterial cells will pass through the “adaptive linear filters”. Cells will not build up around the nanopores on the side walls of the microchannels, instead, they will be dragged down by the fluid and collected at the end of the microchannels.

The accumulated cells will then form visible vertical bars whose lengths are proportional to the quantity of bacterial cells cultured under the different concentrations of the antibiotic.

A mobile phone equipped with a macro lens can then be used to photograph the “barcode” created by the AST. The image will be analyzed automatically by the mobile application.

Results consistent with conventional AST

After the culture period, if all of the “bars” of the cell sensor have similar lengths, it means that the tested antibiotic cannot inhibit the growth of bacteria, and therefore the bacterial sample is resistant to the tested antibiotic. If the length of the “bars” is generally inversely proportional to the concentration of the antibiotic in the microchannels, this shows that the tested antibiotic is generally effective in preventing the growth of the bacteria, and therefore the bacteria is not. not medicated. resistant. When two adjacent “bars” show a marked difference in length, this indicates that the antimicrobial effect of the antibiotic jumps when its concentration reaches a particular level.

The research team tested E. coli and S. aureus with the “barcode” cell sensor and the results were consistent with those of the classic AST. The test can be completed in three hours, which is much faster than conventional AST. Microfluidic approaches developed by other researchers can also achieve comparable speeds, but they rely on expensive instruments for analysis in general.

Potential for use in resource-limited areas

The team’s barcode testing technology is a promising new tool in the fight against antimicrobial resistance. It is hoped that this will benefit routine screening for drug-resistant bacteria in the food industry, public spaces and healthcare facilities, as it does not require advanced clinical facilities and professional testing skills, said Dr. Ren.

The “barcode” cell sensor has a low production cost, and is estimated at less than US $ 1 per piece. The research team has applied for a patent for the “barcode” cellular sensor. The team plans to develop the technology into a portable AST instrument and ultimately hope it will be used in resource-limited areas.

In addition to researchers from the HKBU Chemistry Department, the “barcode” cell sensor research team also included scientists from the HKBU Computer Science Department and Stanford University School of Medicine.


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UPSC 2020 Civil Service App May Change Exam Center

The Union Civil Service Commission (UPSC) issued a notification on Wednesday July 1 stating that the candidate for the 2020 Civil Service Preliminary Examination will have the option to change examination center. The decision was made because many candidates had asked the Commission to give the facility due to the disruption caused by the COVID-19 lockdown.

The option to change examination center will be available for the 2020 Indian Utilities and Forest Services 2020 Preliminary Examinations. Both exams are scheduled to take place on October 4, 2020 based on the revised schedule released by UPSC on October 5, 2020. June.

The possibility of changing the examination center for candidates for the civil service preliminary examination and IFS 2020 will be activated in two phases. The first phase will be active from July 7 to 13 and the second phase will be activated from July 20 to 24. The link will be activated on the official website, upsc.gov.in.

The Commission said that the request for a change of center will be considered on a first come, first served basis and that once a center’s capacity is reached, it will be frozen. In addition, candidates will also be able to withdraw their application from the exam, the link of which will be activated from August 1 to 8.

Here is the direct link to access the UPSC notification for the change of exam center.


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